What happens in your Body when you have Type 2 Diabetes? Blood glucose does not get right into the cells of the body, which is deprived of such a main source of energy. And when blood sugar is elevated, a number of vital organs and functions are altered, so it’s important to know what the risks are and how to prevent them.
When you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, your body still produces insulin. But as time passes, the pancreas will release less and more insulin, which will aggravate the body’s ability to maintain the level of the blood sugar within an optimal interval. You can see this this MedTruth article.
If blood sugar rises too much and remains high for too long, the risk of other health problems also increases. Time does not work for you when you do not follow medical advice. Some parts of the body may deteriorate.
Feet and skin
Because of the disease, which affects the terminal nerves, it is possible that you no longer feel any sensations in your legs. If you do not feel the problems or injuries of the legs in time, or if they do not disturb you, they can evolve in the wrong direction. Incarnated nails, cuts or different minor issues can transform into more serious ones. Even infections, including bone problems and joint deformities, may develop. In the legs, the greatest risk is the need for a surgical intervention or even amputation. The most common infections can quickly become serious when you have diabetes.
Using several tools, your doctor will tell you if the leg nerves are affected by diabetes. Vibration sensitivity is measured with a special range. A so-called monofilament tests tactile sensitivity. Another metal and plastic device evaluates hot and cold sensitivity. If you already have signs of nerve damage caused by diabetes, you will have to learn to care for your feet. Check this out.
Patients with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for myocardial shock because they have at the same time associated risk factors: diabetes is commonly associated with high blood pressure, smoking, and sedentarism. Therefore, the risk of myocardial infarction is reduced only by weakening and quitting smoking. Physical movement and healthy eating are essential in this respect.
On the other hand, excess blood sugar destroys artery walls, which will increase the risk of stroke, heart attack, unstable angina, cardiovascular disease or peripheral arterial disease. Erectile dysfunction may be a warning sign that there are problems in the blood vessels.
And the nervous system is as affected as the arterial one. These are the types of diabetic neuropathy:
- Peripheral diabetic neuropathy. It’s called because it refers to peripheral nerves. Because these nerves are responsible for the sensations of pain, hot and cold, etc., lesions of the leg nerves will not allow you to feel if you have problems, wounds or scratches. Disease can lead to deformities of the legs, and the amputation of the affected limb is at greatest risk.
- Focal neuropathy. The affection is focused on a particular area because only one nerve is affected. Most often it is the wrist, but it can also be that of the thigh or foot. The nerves of the back or chest are also affected. Focal neuropathy can also occur in the eyes: if you have intraocular or periocular pain, see double, you cannot move your eyes, etc., go to control. If the nerve is still full, the symptoms can be treated or disappear over time.
Increased blood glucose can cause, among others, blurred vision. Visual disturbances may be temporary, but you still need to take care of these symptoms. Blurred vision or light stains may be a sign of diabetic retinopathy, a severe condition that can lead to the loss of vision.
Some eye injuries can be treated with laser, so it is recommended that you do your ophthalmic check every year. Patients with diabetes are often diagnosed with cataracts (opacification of the lens). Another common cause of headaches or visual disturbances in the elderly is glaucoma. More information about these two complications can be obtained from the Diabetologist.
Diabetic nephropathy occurs when, due to high blood sugar, the kidneys are affected. The first sign of nephropathy is the increase of albumin in the urine.